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© Research
Publication : International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology

Neobacillus rhizosphaerae sp. nov., isolated from the rhizosphere, and reclassification of Bacillus dielmonensis as Neobacillus dielmonensis comb. nov.

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology - 01 Nov 2022

Kämpfer P, Glaeser SP, McInroy JA, Clermont D, Lipski A, Criscuolo A

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 36327328

Link to DOI – 10.1099/ijsem.0.005636

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2022 Nov; 72(11):

A Gram-stain-positive, facultative anaerobic endospore-forming bacterium, which originated from roots/rhizosphere of maize (Zea mays), was investigated for its taxonomic position. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, strain JJ-3T was grouped together with Neobacillus species showing the highest similarities to Neobacillus bataviensis (98.8%) and the three species Neobacillus dendrensis, Neobacillus soli and Neobacillus cucumis (all 98.6%). The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to the sequences of the type strains of other Neobacillus species were lower than 98.5 %. The average nucleotide identity, average amino acid identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between the JJ-3T genome assembly and those of the other Neobacillus type strains were <83, <85  and <27%, respectively. Chemotaxonomic features supported the grouping of the strain to the genus Neobacillus, e.g. the major fatty acids were C15:0 anteiso and C15:0 iso, the polar lipid profile contained the major components diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine, and the major quinone was menaquinone MK-7. Physiological and biochemical test results were slightly different from those of the most closely related species. For this reason, JJ-3T represents a novel species of the genus Neobacillus, for which we propose the name Neobacillus rhizosphaerae sp. nov., with JJ-3T (= CIP 111895T = LMG 32087T = DSM 111784T = CCM 9084T) as the type strain. We also propose to reclassify Bacillus dielmonensis as Neobacillus dielmonensis comb. nov. based mainly on the results of phylogenomic and conserved signature indel analyses.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/36327328