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© Michel-Robert Popoff
Clostridium difficile en microscopie à contraste de phase. On distingue des bactéries sporulées, non sporulées et d'autres en cours de lyse (destruction). Bactérie de l'environnement (sol, eau, foin, sable), elle est à l'origine d'infections nosocomiales survenant après un traitement antibiotique : Clostridium difficile prédomine alors que les autres bactéries de la flore intestinale ont été détruites. L'infection peut provoquer deux types de pathologies graves : les colites pseudo-membraneuses dont l'origine est quasiment due à 100 % à C. difficile et la diarrhée post-antibiothérapie due à C. difficile dans 30 % des cas de ces diarrhées.
Publication : The EMBO journal

Mutations lowering the phosphatase activity of HPr kinase/phosphatase switch off carbon metabolism

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in The EMBO journal - 01 Aug 2001

Monedero V, Poncet S, Mijakovic I, Fieulaine S, Dossonnet V, Martin-Verstraete I, Nessler S, Deutscher J

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 11483496

EMBO J. 2001 Aug;20(15):3928-37

The oligomeric bifunctional HPr kinase/P-Ser-HPr phosphatase (HprK/P) regulates many metabolic functions in Gram-positive bacteria by phosphorylating the phosphocarrier protein HPr at Ser46. We isolated Lactobacillus casei hprK alleles encoding mutant HprK/Ps exhibiting strongly reduced phosphatase, but almost normal kinase activity. Two mutations affected the Walker motif A of HprK/P and four a conserved C-terminal region in contact with the ATP-binding site of an adjacent subunit in the hexamer. Kinase and phosphatase activity appeared to be closely associated and linked to the Walker motif A, but dephosphorylation of seryl-phosphorylated HPr (P-Ser-HPr) is not simply a reversal of the kinase reaction. When the hprKV267F allele was expressed in Bacillus subtilis, the strongly reduced phosphatase activity of the mutant enzyme led to increased amounts of P-Ser-HPr. The hprKV267F mutant was unable to grow on carbohydrates transported by the phosphoenolpyruvate:glycose phosphotransferase system (PTS) and on most non-PTS carbohydrates. Disrupting ccpA relieved the growth defect only on non-PTS sugars, whereas replacing Ser46 in HPr with alanine also restored growth on PTS substrates.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11483496