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© Research
Publication : The Journal of biological chemistry

Kinetics and phospholipid specificity of apolipoprotein N-acyltransferase

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in The Journal of biological chemistry - 15 Jun 2011

Hillmann F, Argentini M, Buddelmeijer N

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 21676878

J. Biol. Chem. 2011 Aug;286(32):27936-46

The enzyme apolipoprotein N-acyltransferase (Lnt) is an integral membrane protein that catalyzes the last step in the post-translational modification of bacterial lipoproteins. Lnt undergoes covalent modification in the presence of phospholipids resulting in a thioester acyl-enzyme intermediate. It then transfers the acyl chain to the α-amino group of the N-terminal diacylglyceryl-modified cysteine of apolipoprotein, leading to the formation of mature triacylated lipoprotein. To gain insight into the catalytic mechanism of this two-step reaction, we overproduced and purified the enzyme of Escherichia coli and studied its N-acyltransferase activity using a novel in vitro assay. The purified enzyme was fully active, as judged by its ability to form a stable thioester acyl-enzyme intermediate and N-acylate the apo-form of the murein lipoprotein Lpp in vitro. Incorporation of [(3)H]palmitate and mass spectrometry analysis demonstrated that Lnt recognized the synthetic diacylglyceryl-modified lipopeptide FSL-1 as a substrate in a mixed micelle assay. Kinetics of Lnt using phosphatidylethanolamine as an acyl donor and FSL-1 as a substrate were consistent with a ping-pong type mechanism, demonstrating slow acyl-enzyme intermediate formation and rapid N-acyl transfer to the apolipopeptide in vitro. In contrast to earlier in vitro observations, the N-acyltransferase activity was strongly affected by the phospholipid headgroup and acyl chain composition.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21676878