Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 28314856
J. Immunol. 2017 05;198(9):3461-3470
SUMOylation is an important posttranslational modification that regulates protein function in diverse biological processes. However, its role in early T cell development has not been genetically studied. UBC9 is the only E2 enzyme for all SUMOylation. In this study, by selectively deleting gene in T cells, we have investigated the functional roles of SUMOylation in T cell development. Loss of results in a significant reduction of CD4 and CD8 single-positive lymphocytes in both thymus and periphery. -deficient cells exhibit defective late-stage maturation post the initial positive selection with increased apoptosis and impaired proliferation, among which attenuated IL-7 signaling was correlated with the decreased survival of -deficent CD8 single-positive cells. Furthermore, NFAT nuclear retention induced by TCR signals was regulated by SUMOylation during thymocytes development. Our study thus reveals a novel posttranslational mechanism underlying T cell development.