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ChemBioChem 2024, 25, e202300539
Post-SELEX modification of aptamers allows to improve their performance but comes at the cost of uncertain and labor-intensive structure activity relationship studies. Here, we have evaluated the possibility of improving a previously reported, chemically modified aptamer by combining enzymatic synthesis and nucleotides bearing bioisosteres of the parent cubane side-chains or substituted cubane moieties. This method lowers the synthetic burden associated with post-SELEX approaches and allowed to identify one additional sequence that maintains binding to the PvLDH target protein, albeit with reduced specificity.