Search anything and hit enter
  • Teams
  • Members
  • Projects
  • Events
  • Calls
  • Jobs
  • publications
  • Software
  • Tools
  • Network
  • Equipment

A little guide for advanced search:

  • Tip 1. You can use quotes "" to search for an exact expression.
    Example: "cell division"
  • Tip 2. You can use + symbol to restrict results containing all words.
    Example: +cell +stem
  • Tip 3. You can use + and - symbols to force inclusion or exclusion of specific words.
    Example: +cell -stem
e.g. searching for members in projects tagged cancer
Search for
Count
IN
OUT
Content 1
  • member
  • team
  • department
  • center
  • program_project
  • nrc
  • whocc
  • project
  • software
  • tool
  • patent
  • Administrative Staff
  • Assistant Professor
  • Associate Professor
  • Clinical Research Assistant
  • Full Professor
  • Graduate Student
  • Lab assistant
  • Non-permanent Researcher
  • Permanent Researcher
  • Pharmacist
  • PhD Student
  • Physician
  • Post-doc
  • Project Manager
  • Research Associate
  • Research Engineer
  • Retired scientist
  • Technician
  • Undergraduate Student
  • Veterinary
  • Visiting Scientist
  • Deputy Director of Center
  • Deputy Director of Department
  • Deputy Director of National Reference Center
  • Deputy Head of Facility
  • Director of Center
  • Director of Department
  • Director of Institute
  • Director of National Reference Center
  • Group Leader
  • Head of Facility
  • Head of Operations
  • Head of Structure
  • Honorary President of the Departement
  • Labex Coordinator
Content 2
  • member
  • team
  • department
  • center
  • program_project
  • nrc
  • whocc
  • project
  • software
  • tool
  • patent
  • Administrative Staff
  • Assistant Professor
  • Associate Professor
  • Clinical Research Assistant
  • Full Professor
  • Graduate Student
  • Lab assistant
  • Non-permanent Researcher
  • Permanent Researcher
  • Pharmacist
  • PhD Student
  • Physician
  • Post-doc
  • Project Manager
  • Research Associate
  • Research Engineer
  • Retired scientist
  • Technician
  • Undergraduate Student
  • Veterinary
  • Visiting Scientist
  • Deputy Director of Center
  • Deputy Director of Department
  • Deputy Director of National Reference Center
  • Deputy Head of Facility
  • Director of Center
  • Director of Department
  • Director of Institute
  • Director of National Reference Center
  • Group Leader
  • Head of Facility
  • Head of Operations
  • Head of Structure
  • Honorary President of the Departement
  • Labex Coordinator
Search
Go back
Scroll to top
Share
© Research
Publication : Biochimica et biophysica acta

Inhibition by eicosapentaenoic acid of IL-1beta-induced PGHS-2 expression in human microvascular endothelial cells: involvement of lipoxygenase-derived metabolites and p38 MAPK pathway

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Biochimica et biophysica acta - 20 Feb 2003

Ait-Said F, Elalamy I, Werts C, Gomard MT, Jacquemin C, Couetil JP, Hatmi M

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 12573452

Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2003 Feb;1631(1):77-84

Prostaglandin H synthase 2 (PGHS-2), a highly inducible isoenzyme, is responsible for overproduction of the prostaglandins (PGs) in inflammatory sites. We established that among fish oil polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), but not docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), greatly decreased interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta)-induced PGHS-2 expression in human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (HPMECs). Lipoxygenase products 12 (S)-hydroperoxyeicosapentaenoic acid ((S)-HpEPE), 15 (S)-HpEPE and leukotriene (LT) D5 reproduced similar inhibitory effect, suggesting that they may be the intermediate metabolites responsible for PGHS-2 down-regulation by EPA. Accordingly, the EPA effect is prevented by nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) and by REV 5901, nonspecific and specific 5-lipoxygenase inhibitors, respectively. Besides, inhibition of cyclooxygenase activity by ibuprofen, indomethacin or aspirin was not able to prevent this effect. Moreover, cyclooxygenase metabolites of EPA (PGs D3, E3 and I3) markedly potentiate IL-1beta-induced PGHS-2 expression, probably by increasing intracellular cAMP levels. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are known to be activated by fatty acids (FAs) such as EPA. We found here that HPMECs express only weak amounts of PPARalpha and PPARgamma whose activation by synthetic agonists, Wy-14,643 and ciglitazone, does not cause any inhibition of IL-1beta-induced PGHS-2 expression. This finding ruled out the involvement of PPARs in the EPA inhibitory effect. In addition, we established that EPA, which failed to inhibit nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation, suppressed p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphorylation in stimulated HPMECs. Our data demonstrate that EPA, unlike DHA, down-regulates PGHS-2 expression in HPMECs probably through its 5-lipoxygenase-dependent metabolites and advocates a beneficial role for this FA in limiting inflammatory response.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12573452