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© Research
Publication : Nature communications

Immune cellular networks underlying recovery from influenza virus infection in acute hospitalized patients.

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Nature communications - 11 May 2021

Nguyen THO, Koutsakos M, van de Sandt CE, Crawford JC, Loh L, Sant S, Grzelak L, Allen EK, Brahm T, Clemens EB, Auladell M, Hensen L, Wang Z, Nüssing S, Jia X, Günther P, Wheatley AK, Kent SJ, Aban M, Deng YM, Laurie KL, Hurt AC, Gras S, Rossjohn J, Crowe J, Xu J, Jackson D, Brown LE, La Gruta N, Chen W, Doherty PC, Turner SJ, Kotsimbos TC, Thomas PG, Cheng AC, Kedzierska K,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 33976217

Link to DOI – 10.1038/s41467-021-23018-x

Nat Commun 2021 05; 12(1): 2691

How innate and adaptive immune responses work in concert to resolve influenza disease is yet to be fully investigated in one single study. Here, we utilize longitudinal samples from patients hospitalized with acute influenza to understand these immune responses. We report the dynamics of 18 important immune parameters, related to clinical, genetic and virological factors, in influenza patients across different severity levels. Influenza disease correlates with increases in IL-6/IL-8/MIP-1α/β cytokines and lower antibody responses. Robust activation of circulating T follicular helper cells correlates with peak antibody-secreting cells and influenza heamaglutinin-specific memory B-cell numbers, which phenotypically differs from vaccination-induced B-cell responses. Numbers of influenza-specific CD8+ or CD4+ T cells increase early in disease and retain an activated phenotype during patient recovery. We report the characterisation of immune cellular networks underlying recovery from influenza infection which are highly relevant to other infectious diseases.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33976217