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© Pierre Gounon
Entrée de Listeria dans une cellule épithéliale (Grossissement X 10000). Image colorisée.
Publication : Molecular microbiology

Identification of phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C activity in Listeria monocytogenes: a novel type of virulence factor?

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Molecular microbiology - 01 Feb 1991

Mengaud J, Braun-Breton C, Cossart P

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 1645839

Mol. Microbiol. 1991 Feb;5(2):367-72

A phospholipase C which cleaves phosphatidylinositol and glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchors was identified in Listeria monocytogenes. This 36 kDa protein is encoded by the gene plcA, and is homologous to the Bacillus cereus, Bacillus thuringiensis and eukaryotic phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipases C (PI-PLC). Expression of the plcA gene in Escherichia coli correlates with the appearance of PI-PLC activity in the cells. In Listeria monocytogenes, the activity is secreted to the culture medium. PI-PLC activity was only found in the two pathogenic species of the genus Listeria, namely L. monocytogenes and L. ivanovii. PI-PLC activity was lost and virulence decreased when the plcA gene was disrupted in the chromosome. This suggests that the PI-PLC of L. monocytogenes might be involved in virulence.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1645839