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© Institut Pasteur/Antoinette Ryter
Salmonella spp. Bactéries à Gram négatif, aérobies ou anaérobies facultatifs à transmission orofécale. Les salmonelles majeures (sérotype typhi et sérotype paratyphi) sont responsables des fièvres typhoïde et paratyphoïde chez l'homme uniquement ; les salmonelles mineures (sérotype typhimurium et sérotype enteritidis) sont impliquées dans 30 à 60 % des gastroentérites et toxiinfections d'origine alimentaire. Image colorisée.
Publication : Foodborne pathogens and disease

Human infections due to Salmonella Napoli: a multicountry, emerging enigma recognized by the Enter-net international surveillance network

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Foodborne pathogens and disease - 01 Jun 2009

Fisher IS, Jourdan-Da Silva N, Hächler H, Weill FX, Schmid H, Danan C, Kérouanton A, Lane CR, Dionisi AM, Luzzi I

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 19534593

Foodborne Pathog. Dis. 2009 Jun;6(5):613-9

Human infections caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Napoli are relatively uncommon in Europe. Napoli was ranked 22nd in the Enter-net Salmonella database for 2006 with 295 cases (0.28%) of the 105,635 from 29 European countries. For the 18 countries that provided data for all the years 2000-2006, the number of cases rose from 122 out of 116,915 (0.10%) in 2000 to 293 out of 80,318 (0.36%) in 2006-an increase of 140.2%. Over 87% of cases came from three countries, France, Italy, and Switzerland. The epidemiology of the human cases showed an increased frequency in those aged under 5 or over 64, and both sexes were equally represented. Napoli isolates were also reported from nonhuman sources, mainly environmental samples and poultry. Strains compared by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis exhibited high levels of diversity between human, animal, and environmental sources. No single factor has been recognized as causing this rise, hence no public health interventions can be made or advice given to ensure that it does not persist. A 140% rise in 7 years indicates that the public health problem will continue, and further multidisciplinary investigations are needed to solve this enigma.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19534593