Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 30901539
Cell 2019 Mar;177(1):184-199
Pathogen-imposed selection pressures have been paramount during human evolution. Detecting such selection signatures in ancient and modern human genomes can thus help us to identify genes of temporal and spatial immunological relevance. Admixture with ancient hominins and between human populations has been a source of genetic diversity open to selection by infections. Furthermore, cultural transitions, such as the advent of agriculture, have exposed humans to new microbial threats, with impacts on host defense mechanisms. The integration of population genetics and systems immunology holds great promise for the increased understanding of the factors driving immune response variation between individuals and populations.