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© Institut Pasteur
Spirochète : bactérie hélicoïdale, flexible et ondulante de longueur variable, non colorable par la coloration de Gram, très mobile (endoflagelles). Trois familles : Spirochaetaceae, Leptospiraceae, et Brachyspiraceae. Principaux genres pathogènes pour l'homme : Borrelia (Borrelia burgdorferi cause de la maladie de Lyme), Treponema (Treponema pallidum cause de la syphillis), Leptospira (Leptospira interrogans serovar icterohaemorrhagiae cause de la maladie de Weil). Image colorisée.
Publication : FEMS microbiology letters

Genetic evidence for the existence of two pathways for the biosynthesis of methionine in the Leptospira spp

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in FEMS microbiology letters - 29 Aug 2003

Picardeau M, Bauby H, Saint Girons I

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 12951250

FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 2003 Aug;225(2):257-62

There are two major pathways for methionine biosynthesis: the enterobacterial type transsulfuration pathway and the sulfhydrylation pathway as previously identified in the spirochete Leptospira meyeri. Sequence analysis of the L. meyeri metYX locus allows the identification of a third gene, called metW, which encodes a protein exhibiting similarities with homologs in many organisms belonging to the alpha-, beta-, and gamma-subdivisions of proteobacteria. The metW, metX and metY genes of L. meyeri were disrupted by a resistance cassette by homologous recombination. While the L. meyeri metX mutant shows methionine auxotrophy, the metY mutant (as well as the metW and metYmetW mutants) conserves methionine prototrophy, suggesting the presence of additional route(s) which may bypass the direct sulfhydrylation pathway. In addition, a L. interrogans gene, called metZ, was found to complement an Escherichia coli metB mutant, further suggesting that the transsulfuration pathway is also present in Leptospira spp.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12951250