Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 2481587
Eur. J. Immunol. 1989 Dec;19(12):2219-25
Six monoclonal antibodies (mAb) to the lipid A region of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), obtained from mice immunized with lipid A-coated Bordetella pertussis cells (mAb 3.E8, 2.21, 2.37, 2.41) or with lipid A covalently coupled to keyhole limpet hemocyanin (mAb R1 and R7), were examined for their potential to inhibit in vitro activities of LPS on macrophages. mAb R7 was inactive in vitro, but the five other mAb inhibited efficiently some in vitro activities of LPS. mAb R1, 2.21 and 3.E8 reduced the LPS-induced secretion of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin 1 (IL 1) by macrophages, but did not modify the binding of LPS to macrophages. On the other hand, mAb 2.37 and 2.41 reduced LPS binding to macrophages and subsequent IL1 secretion, but did not modify TNF production. This is in agreement with our previous finding that IL1 and TNF productions can be selectively triggered by synthetic analogs of lipid A substructures (Lasfargues and Chaby, Cell. Immunol. 1988. 115: 165). The pattern of in vitro inhibition of LPS activities (LPS binding to macrophages and production of TNF and membrane IL 1) by polymyxin B was different from those of the two groups of anti-lipid A mAb mentioned above. These observations suggest the presence on lipid A of four functionally distinct substructures.