Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 2557214
Eur. J. Biochem. 1989 Dec;186(1-2):79-85
Glucocorticoid hormones increase the activity of cytosolic aspartate aminotransferase (cAspAT) in the Fao rat hepatoma cell line. Maximal increase (6-10-fold) was observed 48 h following the addition of the glucocorticoid agonist dexamethasone at a concentration of 0.1 microM. The effect of dexamethasone was specific since it was not mimicked by sex steroids and was inhibited by the glucocorticoid antagonist RU 486. Insulin (0.1 microM) inhibited by more than 50% the induction of cAspAT by glucocorticoids. The cAMP analog, 8-bromoadenosine 3′,5′-monophosphate (Br8cAMP, 0.5 mM), potentiated the effect of dexamethasone (2-3-fold) and partially relieved the inhibitory effect of insulin on the induction by dexamethasone. Both insulin and Br8-cAMP had no significant effect on basal activity. The mitochondrial isoenzyme was insensitive to the various hormonal treatments. Northern blot analysis revealed the presence of two major (2.1-kb and 1.8-kb) and one minor (4-kb) mRNA species hybridizing with a rat cAspAT probe. The regulation of these mRNAs by glucocorticoids, insulin and cAMP correlated with the variation of the cAspAT activity, suggesting that these hormones act at the pretranslational level. We compared the regulation of cAspAT mRNAs with those of tyrosine aminotransferase mRNA. Both were similarly increased by dexamethasone but the latter was also increased by cAMP even in the absence of the glucocorticoid agonist. In addition, the increase in tyrosine aminotransferase mRNA was inhibited by cycloheximide whereas the increase in cAspAT mRNAs was not. These results show that there are significant differences in the regulation of cAspAT and tyrosine aminotransferase by glucocorticoids and other hormones, although both enzymes probably contribute to the same metabolic pathway.