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© Institut Pasteur
Structure de macromolécules : dimère d'aquométhémoglobine de cheval. Dérivé toxique oxydé de l'hémoglobine, représentant 1 à 2% du total.
Publication : Advances in protein chemistry and structural biology

Dynamical Behavior of Somatostatin-14 and Its Cyclic Analogues as Analyzed in Bulk and on Plasmonic Silver Nanoparticles

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Advances in protein chemistry and structural biology - 23 Feb 2018

Hernández B, Coïc YM, López-Tobar E, Sanchez-Cortes S, Baron B, Pflüger F, Kruglik SG, Cohen R, Ghomi M

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 29680244

Adv Protein Chem Struct Biol 2018;112:81-121

Primarily known as the inhibitor of growth hormone release, the role of somatostatin in many other inhibiting activities upon binding to its five G-protein-coupled receptors has been elucidated. Because of the short half-life of somatostatin, a number of synthetic analogues were elaborated for this peptide hormone. Herein, after recalling the main somatostatin therapeutic interests, we present the dynamical behavior of somatostatin-14 and its two currently used synthetic cyclic analogues, octreotide and pasireotide. Physical techniques, such as fluorescence, UV-visible absorption, circular dichroism, Raman spectroscopy, surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy, were jointly used in order to get information on the solution structural features, as well as on the anchoring sites of the three peptides on silver colloids. While somatostatin-14 adopts a rather unordered chain within the submillimolar concentration range, its cyclic analogues were revealed to be ordered, i.e., stabilized either in a type-II’ β-turn (octreotide) or in a face-to-face γ-turn/type-I β-turn (pasireotide) structure. Nevertheless, a progressive structuring trend was observed in somatostatin-14 upon increasing concentration to the millimolar range. Because of their cationic character, the three peptides have revealed their capability to bind onto negatively charged silver nanoparticles. The high affinity of the peptides toward metallic particles seems to be extremely promising for the elaboration of somatostatin-based functionalized plasmonic nanoparticles that can be used in diagnosis, drug delivery, and therapy.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29680244