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© Research
Publication : Journal of viral hepatitis

Dried blood spots perform well to identify patients with active HCV infection in Vietnam.

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Journal of viral hepatitis - 01 May 2020

Tran TH, Nguyen BT, Nguyen TA, Pham TTP, Nguyen TTT, Mai HTB, Pham HB, Nguyen TM, Phan HTT, Do NT, Ait-Ahmed M, Taieb F, Madec Y,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 31981287

Link to DOI – 10.1111/jvh.13263

J Viral Hepat 2020 05; 27(5): 514-519

Recently, treatment advances in direct-acting antivirals have radically changed the management of HCV patients. However, in resource-limited countries, identification of patients with active HCV infection is still challenging in remote settings due to the limited access to laboratories able to measure HCV viral load. This study evaluated whether dried blood spots (DBS) transferred to a central laboratory could overcome this challenge. A total of 315 HCV-infected patients, naïve to anti-HCV treatment, provided each three type of samples: plasma, DBS with calibrated quantities of venous blood and DBS with uncalibrated quantities of capillary blood. Qualitative comparison was conducted in terms of detection of HCV viral load on DBS as opposed to plasma to estimate sensitivity and specificity. Quantitative comparisons were conducted by means of correlation estimation. Of the 250 patients with detected plasma HCV viral load, 245 also had detectable DBS HCV viral load (capillary or venous) leading to a sensitivity of 98.0% (95% confidence interval (CI): 95.4%-99.3%); importantly, all measurements with a plasma HCV viral load >118 IU/mL were also detected in DBS. When HCV was not detected in plasma, it was also not detected in DBS resulting in 100% specificity (95% CI: 94.5%-100%). Quantitative HCV viral load results were very similar when utilizing plasma or DBS sample types as illustrated by correlations >0.99. In conclusion, DBS sample types, with either uncalibrated capillary blood or calibrated venous blood, performed well to distinguish patients with active HCV infection, and who therefore need treatment, from other patients.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31981287