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Published in Cell death and differentiation - 30 Apr 2020

Raveux A, Stedman A, Coqueran S, Vandormael-Pournin S, Owens N, Romagnolo B, Cohen-Tannoudji M

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 32355182

Cell Death Differ. 2020 Apr;

Ribosome biogenesis inhibition causes cell cycle arrest and apoptosis through the activation of tumor suppressor-dependent surveillance pathways. These responses are exacerbated in cancer cells, suggesting that targeting ribosome synthesis may be beneficial to patients. Here, we characterize the effect of the loss-of-function of Notchless (Nle), an essential actor of ribosome biogenesis, on the intestinal epithelium undergoing tumor initiation due to acute Apc loss-of-function. We show that ribosome biogenesis dysfunction strongly alleviates Wnt-driven tumor initiation by restoring cell cycle exit and differentiation in Apc-deficient progenitors. Conversely Wnt hyperactivation attenuates the cellular responses to surveillance pathways activation induced by ribosome biogenesis dysfunction, as proliferation was maintained at control-like levels in the stem cells and progenitors of double mutants. Thus, our data indicate that, while ribosome biogenesis inhibition efficiently reduces cancer cell proliferation in the intestinal epithelium, enhanced resistance of Apc-deficient stem and progenitor cells to ribosome biogenesis defects may be an important concern when using a therapeutic strategy targeting ribosome production for the treatment of Wnt-dependent tumorigenesis.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32355182