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© Carmen Buchrieser, Marie-Christine Prevost
Legionella pneumophila et son flagelle, bactérie responsable de pneumopathie aigue grave. Bactérie de l'environnement , l'émergence récente de cette maladie s'explique par son affinité pour les systèmes modernes d'alimentation en eau comme les tours de refroidissement. Image colorisée.
Publication : Molecular microbiology

Distinct roles of ppGpp and DksA in Legionella pneumophila differentiation

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Molecular microbiology - 28 Feb 2010

Dalebroux ZD, Yagi BF, Sahr T, Buchrieser C, Swanson MS

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 20199605

Mol. Microbiol. 2010 Apr;76(1):200-19

To transit between hosts, intracellular Legionella pneumophila transform into a motile, infectious, transmissive state. Here we exploit the pathogen’s life cycle to examine how guanosine tetraphosphate (ppGpp) and DksA cooperate to govern bacterial differentiation. Transcriptional profiling revealed that during transmission alarmone accumulation increases the mRNA for flagellar and Type IV-secretion components, secreted host effectors and regulators, and decreases transcripts for translation, membrane modification and ATP synthesis machinery. DksA is critical for differentiation, since mutants are defective for stationary phase survival, flagellar gene activation, lysosome avoidance and macrophage cytotoxicity. The roles of ppGpp and DksA depend on the context. For macrophage transmission, ppGpp is essential, whereas DksA is dispensable, indicating that ppGpp can act autonomously. In broth, DksA promotes differentiation when ppGpp levels increase, or during fatty acid stress, as judged by flaA expression and evasion of degradation by macrophages. For flagella morphogenesis, DksA is required for basal fliA (sigma(28)) promoter activity. When alarmone levels increase, DksA cooperates with ppGpp to generate a pulse of Class II rod RNA or to amplify the Class III sigma factor and Class IV flagellin RNAs. Thus, DksA responds to the level of ppGpp and other stress signals to co-ordinate L. pneumophila differentiation.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20199605