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© Research
Publication : Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy

CTX-M-15-Producing Shewanella Species Clinical Isolate Expressing OXA-535, a Chromosome-Encoded OXA-48 Variant, Putative Progenitor of the Plasmid-Encoded OXA-436.

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy - 01 Jan 2018

Jousset AB, Dabos L, Bonnin RA, Girlich D, Potron A, Cabanel N, Dortet L, Glaser P, Naas T,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 29038283

Link to DOI – e01879-1710.1128/AAC.01879-17

Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2018 01; 62(1):

Shewanella spp. constitute a reservoir of antibiotic resistance determinants. In a bile sample, we identified three extended-spectrum-β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria (Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Shewanella sp. strain JAB-1) isolated from a child suffering from cholangitis. Our objectives were to characterize the genome and the resistome of the first ESBL-producing isolate of the genus Shewanella and determine whether plasmidic exchange occurred between the three bacterial species. Bacterial isolates were characterized using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS), standard biochemical tools, and antimicrobial susceptibility testing. Shewanella sp. JAB-1 and ESBL gene-encoding plasmids were characterized using PacBio and Illumina whole-genome sequencing, respectively. The Shewanella sp. JAB-1 chromosome-encoded OXA-48 variant was cloned and functionally characterized. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) of the Shewanella sp. clinical isolate JAB-1 revealed the presence of a 193-kb plasmid belonging to the IncA/C incompatibility group and harboring two ESBL genes, blaCTX-M-15 and blaSHV-2ablaCTX-M-15 gene-carrying plasmids belonging to the IncY and IncR incompatibility groups were also found in the E. coli and K. pneumoniae isolates from the same patient, respectively. A comparison of the blaCTX-M-15 genetic environment indicated the independent origin of these plasmids and dismissed in vivo transfers. Furthermore, characterization of the resistome of Shewanella sp. JAB-1 revealed the presence of a chromosome-carried blaOXA-535 gene, likely the progenitor of the plasmid-carried blaOXA-436 gene, a novel blaOXA-48-like gene. The expression of blaOXA-535 in E. coli showed the carbapenem-hydrolyzing activity of OXA-535. The production of OXA-535 in Shewanella sp. JAB-1 could be evidenced using molecular and immunoenzymatic tests, but not with biochemical tests that monitor carbapenem hydrolysis. In this study, we have identified a CTX-M-15-producing Shewanella species that was responsible for a hepatobiliary infection and that is likely the progenitor of OXA-436, a novel plasmid-encoded OXA-48-like class D carbapenemase.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29038283