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© Institut Pasteur
Cryptococcus neoformans
Publication : Biochimica et biophysica acta. Molecular cell research

The putative flippase Apt1 is required for intracellular membrane architecture and biosynthesis of polysaccharide and lipids in Cryptococcus neoformans

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Biochimica et biophysica acta. Molecular cell research - 29 Dec 2017

Rizzo J, Colombo AC, Zamith-Miranda D, Silva VKA, Allegood JC, Casadevall A, Del Poeta M, Nosanchuk JD, Kronstad JW, Rodrigues ML

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 29291962

Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res 2018 Mar;1865(3):532-541

Flippases are responsible for the asymmetric distribution of phospholipids in biological membranes. In the encapsulated fungal pathogen Cryptococcus neoformans, the putative flippase Apt1 is an important regulator of polysaccharide secretion and pathogenesis in mice by unknown mechanisms. In this study, we analyzed the role of C. neoformans Apt1 in intracellular membrane architecture and synthesis of polysaccharide and lipids. Analysis of wild type (WT), apt1Δ (mutant) and apt1Δ::APT1 (complemented) strains by transmission electron microscopy revealed that deletion of APT1 resulted in the formation of irregular vacuoles. Disorganization of vacuolar membranes in apt1Δ cells was accompanied by a significant increase in the amounts of intra-vacuolar and pigment-containing vesicles. Quantitative immunogold labeling of C. neoformans cells with a monoclonal antibody raised to a major capsular component suggested impaired polysaccharide synthesis. APT1 deletion also affected synthesis of phosphatidylserine, phosphatidylethanolamine, inositolphosphoryl ceramide, glucosylceramide and ergosterylglycoside. These results reveal novel functions of Apt1 and are in agreement with the notion that this putative flippase plays an important role in the physiology of C. neoformans.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29291962