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© Laurent Debarbieux
Bactériophages sur la bactérie Escherichia coli 0104:H4 souche 55989.
Publication : Science (New York, N.Y.)

Cross-reactivity between tumor MHC class I-restricted antigens and an enterococcal bacteriophage.

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Science (New York, N.Y.) - 21 Aug 2020

Fluckiger A, Daillère R, Sassi M, Sixt BS, Liu P, Loos F, Richard C, Rabu C, Alou MT, Goubet AG, Lemaitre F, Ferrere G, Derosa L, Duong CPM, Messaoudene M, Gagné A, Joubert P, De Sordi L, Debarbieux L, Simon S, Scarlata CM, Ayyoub M, Palermo B, Facciolo F, Boidot R, Wheeler R, Boneca IG, Sztupinszki Z, Papp K, Csabai I, Pasolli E, Segata N, Lopez-Otin C, Szallasi Z, Andre F, Iebba V, Quiniou V, Klatzmann D, Boukhalil J, Khelaifia S, Raoult D, Albiges L, Escudier B, Eggermont A, Mami-Chouaib F, Nistico P, Ghiringhelli F, Routy B, Labarrière N, Cattoir V, Kroemer G, Zitvogel L,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 32820119

Link to DOI [DOI] – 10.1126/science.aax0701

Science 2020 08; 369(6506): 936-942

Intestinal microbiota have been proposed to induce commensal-specific memory T cells that cross-react with tumor-associated antigens. We identified major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I-binding epitopes in the tail length tape measure protein (TMP) of a prophage found in the genome of the bacteriophage Enterococcus hirae Mice bearing E. hirae harboring this prophage mounted a TMP-specific H-2Kb-restricted CD8+ T lymphocyte response upon immunotherapy with cyclophosphamide or anti-PD-1 antibodies. Administration of bacterial strains engineered to express the TMP epitope improved immunotherapy in mice. In renal and lung cancer patients, the presence of the enterococcal prophage in stools and expression of a TMP-cross-reactive antigen by tumors correlated with long-term benefit of PD-1 blockade therapy. In melanoma patients, T cell clones recognizing naturally processed cancer antigens that are cross-reactive with microbial peptides were detected.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32820119