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© Sandrine Etienne-Manneville
Photo prise à l'avant (dans la protrusion) d'astrocytes primaires de rat en migration. Marquage par immunofluorescence montrant en rouge, p150 Glued, une protéine associée aux extrémités 'plus' des microtubules et en vert la tubuline des microtubules. La photographie montre l'accumulation de p150 Glued à l'avant des cellules en migration, où la protéine pourrait participer à l'ancrage des microtubules à la membrane plasmique. Pour essayer de corriger, les dérèglements observés lors de la migration des cellules d'astrocytes tumuraux ou gliomes on cherche à connaitre les mécanismes moléculaires fondamentaux qui controlent la polarisation et la migration cellulaires.
Publication : Cell

Conformational antagonism between opposing active sites in a bifunctional RelA/SpoT homolog modulates (p)ppGpp metabolism during the stringent response [corrected]

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Cell - 01 Apr 2004

Hogg T, Mechold U, Malke H, Cashel M, Hilgenfeld R

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 15066282

Cell 2004 Apr;117(1):57-68

Enzymes of the Rel/Spo family enable bacteria to survive prolonged periods of nutrient limitation by producing an intracellular signaling alarmone, (p)ppGpp, which triggers the so-called stringent response. Both the synthesis of (p)ppGpp from ATP and GDP(GTP), and its hydrolysis to GDP(GTP) and pyrophosphate, are catalyzed by Rel/Spo proteins. The 2.1 A crystal structure of the bifunctional catalytic fragment of the Rel/Spo homolog from Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis, Rel(Seq), reveals two conformations of the enzyme corresponding to known reciprocal activity states: (p)ppGpp-hydrolase-OFF/(p)ppGpp-synthetase-ON and hydrolase-ON/synthetase-OFF. The hydrolase and synthetase domains bear remarkable similarities to the catalytic domains of the cyclic phosphodiesterase and nucleotidyltransferase superfamilies, respectively. The active sites, separated by more than 30 A, contain bound nucleotides including an unusual (p)ppGpp derivative, GDP-2′:3′-cyclic monophosphate. Reciprocal regulation of the antagonistic catalytic activities, suggested by the structure, is supported by mutagenesis experiments and appears to involve ligand-induced signal transmission between the two active sites.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15066282