Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 16614244
Blood 2006 Aug;108(4):1123-8
Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is characterized by a complete block in T-lymphocyte differentiation. Most SCID also affects B-cell development or function, although a normal pool of pro-B cells is detectable. Treatment of SCID consists of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), but in the absence of a myeloablative conditioning regimen, only T cells, and in some cases, natural killer (NK) cells, are of donor origin, while all other leukocytes subsets are of host origin. We hypothesized that donor B-cell development success could be conditioned by the competitive ability of recipient B-cell precursors in the bone marrow. We therefore compared the outcome of unconditioned HSCT in mice that differed with respect to their pro-B-cell compartments. B-cell reconstitution was limited in recipient mice containing a normal pro-B-cell pool, whereas immature and mature B-cell numbers reached wild-type levels in mice with compromised early B-cell precursors. Interestingly, host NK cells did not modify the outcome of unconditioned HSCT as long as the early B-cell compartment was compromised. These observations suggest that recipient B-cell precursors condition the reconstitution of the donor B-cell pool and, if extrapolative to humans, suggest that conditioning regimens targeting host pro-B cells may help improve B-cell reconstitution after allogeneic HSCT.