Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 12221101
J. Biol. Chem. 2002 Nov;277(46):43659-66
Clostridium perfringens iota toxin consists of two unlinked proteins. The binding component (Ib) is required to internalize into cells an enzymatic component (Ia) that ADP-ribosylates G-actin. To characterize the Ia domain that interacts with Ib, fusion proteins were constructed between the C. botulinum C3 enzyme, which ADP-ribosylates Rho, and various truncated versions of Ia. These chimeric molecules retained the wild type ADP-ribosyltransferase activity specific for Rho and were recognized by antibodies against C3 enzyme and Ia. Internalization of each chimera into Vero cells was assessed by measuring the disorganization of the actin cytoskeleton and intracellular ADP-ribosylation of Rho. Fusion proteins containing C3 linked to the C terminus of Ia were transported most efficiently into cells like wild type Ia in an Ib-dependent manner that was blocked by bafilomycin A1. The minimal Ia fragment that promoted translocation of Ia-C3 chimeras into cells consisted of 128 central residues (129-257). These findings revealed that iota toxin is a suitable system for mediating the entry of heterologous proteins such as C3 into cells.