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© Research
Publication : Genomics

Cloning of the genes encoding two murine and human cochlear unconventional type I myosins

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Genomics - 01 Mar 1997

Crozet F, el Amraoui A, Blanchard S, Lenoir M, Ripoll C, Vago P, Hamel C, Fizames C, Levi-Acobas F, Depétris D, Mattei MG, Weil D, Pujol R, Petit C

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 9119401

Genomics 1997 Mar;40(2):332-41

Several lines of evidence indicate a crucial role for unconventional myosins in the function of the sensory hair cells of the inner ear. We report here the characterization of the cDNAs encoding two unconventional type I myosins from a mouse cochlear cDNA library. The first cDNA encodes a putative protein named Myo1c, which is likely to be the murine orthologue of the bullfrog myosin I beta and which may be involved in the gating of the mechanotransduction channel of the sensory hair cells. This myosin belongs to the group of short-tailed myosins I, with its tail ending shortly after a polybasic, TH-1-like domain. The second cDNA encodes a novel type I myosin Myo1f which displays three regions: a head domain with the conserved ATP- and actin-binding sites, a neck domain with a single IQ motif, and a tail domain with the tripartite structure initially described in protozoan myosins I. The tail of Myo1f includes (1) a TH-1 region rich in basic residues, which may interact with anionic membrane phospholipids; (2) a TH-2 proline-rich region, expected to contain an ATP-insensitive actin-binding site; and (3) a SH-3 domain found in a variety of cytoskeletal and signaling proteins. Northern blot analysis indicated that the genes encoding Myo1c and Myo1f display a widespread tissue expression in the adult mouse. Myo1c and Myo1f were mapped by in situ hybridization to the chromosomal regions 11D-11E and 17B-17C, respectively. The human orthologuous genes MYO1C and MYO1F were also characterized, and mapped to the human chromosomal regions 17p18 and 19p13.2-19p13.3, respectively.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9119401