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© Therese Couderc, Marc Lecuit
Publication : Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America

Chronic Granulomatous Disease in Patients Reaching Adulthood: A Nationwide Study in France.

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America - 15 Mar 2017

Dunogué B, Pilmis B, Mahlaoui N, Elie C, Coignard-Biehler H, Amazzough K, Noël N, Salvator H, Catherinot E, Couderc LJ, Sokol H, Lanternier F, Fouyssac F, Bardet J, Bustamante J, Gougerot-Pocidalo MA, Barlogis V, Masseau A, Durieu I, Lecuit M, Suarez F, Fischer A, Blanche S, Hermine O, Lortholary O,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 28362954

Link to DOI – 10.1093/cid/ciw837

Clin Infect Dis 2017 03; 64(6): 767-775

Although prognosis of Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD) has greatly improved, few studies have focused on its long-term outcome. We studied the clinical course and sequelae of CGD patients diagnosed before age 16, at various adult time points.Cross-sectional French nationwide retrospective study of patients screened through the National Reference Center for Primary Immunodeficiencies (CEREDIH) registry.Eighty CGD patients (71 males [88.7%], 59 X-linked [73.7%], median age 23.9 years [minimum, 16.6; maximum, 59.9]) were included, Median ages at diagnosis and last follow-up were 2.52 and 23.9 years, respectively. Seven patients underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. A total of 553 infections requiring hospitalization occurred in 2017 patient-years. The most common site of infection was pulmonary (31%). Aspergillus spp. (17%) and Staphylococcus aureus (10.7%) were the commonest pathogens. A total of 224 inflammatory episodes occurred in 71 patients, mainly digestive (50%). Their characteristics as well as their annual frequency did not vary before and after age 16. Main sequelae were a small adult height and weight and mild chronic restrictive respiratory failure. At age 16, only 53% of patients were in high school. After age 30 years, 9/13 patients were working. Ten patients died during adulthood.Adult CGD patients displayed similar characteristics and rates of severe infections and inflammatory episodes that those of childhood. The high rate of handicap has become a matter of medical and social consideration. Careful follow-up in centers of expertise is strongly recommended and an extended indication of curative treatment by HSCT should be considered.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28362954