Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 34206324
Link to DOI – 665710.3390/ijms22136657
Int J Mol Sci 2021 Jun; 22(13):
The gene cluster region, CHRNA3/CHRNA5/CHRNB4, encoding for nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunits, contains several genetic variants linked to nicotine addiction and brain disorders. The CHRNA5 single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs16969968 is strongly associated with nicotine dependence and lung diseases. Using immunostaining studies on tissue sections and air-liquid interface airway epithelial cell cultures, in situ hybridisation, transcriptomic and cytokines detection, we analysed rs16969968 contribution to respiratory airway epithelial remodelling and modulation of inflammation. We provide cellular and molecular analyses which support the genetic association of this polymorphism with impaired ciliogenesis and the altered production of inflammatory mediators. This suggests its role in lung disease development.