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© Michel-Robert Popoff
Clostridium difficile en microscopie à contraste de phase. On distingue des bactéries sporulées, non sporulées et d'autres en cours de lyse (destruction). Bactérie de l'environnement (sol, eau, foin, sable), elle est à l'origine d'infections nosocomiales survenant après un traitement antibiotique : Clostridium difficile prédomine alors que les autres bactéries de la flore intestinale ont été détruites. L'infection peut provoquer deux types de pathologies graves : les colites pseudo-membraneuses dont l'origine est quasiment due à 100 % à C. difficile et la diarrhée post-antibiothérapie due à C. difficile dans 30 % des cas de ces diarrhées.
Publication : Archives of microbiology

Characterization of glucose-repression-resistant mutants of Bacillus subtilis: identification of the glcR gene

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Archives of microbiology - 01 Jun 2001

Stülke J, Martin-Verstraete I, Glaser P, Rapoport G

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 11491085

Arch. Microbiol. 2001 Jun;175(6):441-9

In Bacillus subtilis, carbon catabolite repression (CCR) is mediated by the pleiotropic repressor CcpA and by ATP-dependent phosphorylation of the HPr protein of the phosphotransferase system (PTS). In this study, we attempted to identify novel genes that are involved in the signal transduction pathway that ultimately results in CCR in the presence of repressing carbon sources such as glucose. Seven mutants resistant to glucose repression of the levanase operon were isolated and characterized. All mutations were trans-acting and pleiotropic as determined by analyzing CCR of beta-xylosidase and of the sacPA and bglPH operon. Moreover, all mutations specifically affected repression exerted by glucose but not by other sugars. The mutations were mapped to three different loci on the genetic map, ptsG, glcR, and pgi. These three genes encode proteins involved in glucose metabolism. A novel repressor gene, glcR (ywpI), defined by two mutations, was studied in more detail. The glcR mutants exhibit loss of glucose repression of catabolic operons, a deficiency in glucose transport, and absence of expression of the ptsG gene. The mutant GlcR proteins act as super-repressors of ptsG expression.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11491085