Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 29422271
Cell. Immunol. 2018 08;330:136-141
Macrophages are instrumental in the response to infectious and noninfectious diseases, however, their role in the bladder is poorly understood. Indeed, the bladder is a mucosal tissue frequently overlooked in research, despite the prevalence of illnesses such as urinary tract infection and bladder cancer. Notably, bladder tissue macrophages are among the most populous resident immune cells in this organ and recent studies support that resident macrophages and infiltrating monocytes play nonredundant roles in response to infection, immunotherapy, and inflammation. Advancing our understanding of macrophage behavior in the bladder is complicated by the difficulty in obtaining tissue-resident cells. Surmounting this challenge, however, for a greater understanding of macrophage ontology, impact on innate and adaptive immunity, and regulation of homeostasis, will ultimately contribute to better therapies for common afflictions of the bladder.