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© Institut Pasteur
Structure de macromolécules : dimère d'aquométhémoglobine de cheval. Dérivé toxique oxydé de l'hémoglobine, représentant 1 à 2% du total.
Publication : The Journal of biological chemistry

Assembly of the respiratory mucin MUC5B: a new model for a gel-forming mucin

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in The Journal of biological chemistry - 28 Apr 2014

Ridley C, Kouvatsos N, Raynal BD, Howard M, Collins RF, Desseyn JL, Jowitt TA, Baldock C, Davis CW, Hardingham TE, Thornton DJ

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 24778189

J. Biol. Chem. 2014 Jun;289(23):16409-20

Mucins are essential components in mucus gels that form protective barriers at all epithelial surfaces, but much remains unknown about their assembly, intragranular organization, and post-secretion unfurling to form mucus. MUC5B is a major polymeric mucin expressed by respiratory epithelia, and we investigated the molecular mechanisms involved during its assembly. Studies of intact polymeric MUC5B revealed a single high affinity calcium-binding site, distinct from multiple low affinity sites on each MUC5B monomer. Self-diffusion studies with intact MUC5B showed that calcium binding at the protein site catalyzed reversible cross-links between MUC5B chains to form networks. The site of cross-linking was identified in the MUC5B D3-domain as it was specifically blocked by D3 peptide antibodies. Biophysical analysis and single particle EM of recombinant MUC5B N terminus (D1D2D’D3; NT5B) and subdomains (D1, D1-D2, D2-D’-D3, and D3) generated structural models of monomers and disulfide-linked dimers and suggested that MUC5B multimerizes by disulfide linkage between D3-domains to form linear polymer chains. Moreover, these analyses revealed reversible homotypic interactions of NT5B at low pH and in high calcium, between disulfide-linked NT5B dimers, but not monomers. These results enable a model of MUC5B to be derived, which predicts mechanisms of mucin intracellular assembly and storage, which may be common to the other major gel-forming polymeric mucins.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24778189