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© Research
Publication : Journal of bacteriology

A Defect in Lipoprotein Modification by Lgt Leads to Abnormal Morphology and Cell Death in Escherichia coli That Is Independent of Major Lipoprotein Lpp.

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Journal of bacteriology - 20 Sep 2022

Legood S, Seng D, Boneca IG, Buddelmeijer N,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 35938851

Link to DOI – 10.1128/jb.00164-22

J Bacteriol 2022 Sep; 204(9): e0016422

Lgt is an essential enzyme in proteobacteria and therefore a potential target for novel antibiotics. The effect of Lgt depletion on growth, morphology, and viability was studied in Escherichia coli to assess whether absence of Lgt leads to cell death. Two Lgt depletion strains were used in which lgt was under the control of an arabinose-inducible promoter that allowed regulation of Lgt protein levels. Reduced levels of Lgt led to severe growth and morphological defects that could be restored by expressing lgt in trans, demonstrating that only Lgt is responsible for the distorted phenotypes. In the absence of major lipoprotein Lpp, growth defects were partially restored when low levels of Lgt were still present; however, lgt could not be deleted in the absence of Lpp. Our results demonstrate that Lpp is not the main cause of cell death under conditions of Lgt depletion and that other lipoproteins are important in cell envelope biogenesis and cell viability. Specific inhibitors of Lgt are thus promising for the development of novel antibiotics. IMPORTANCE Incomplete maturation and envelope mislocalization of lipoproteins, through inhibition or mutations in lipoprotein modification enzymes or transport to the outer membrane, are lethal in proteobacteria. Resistance to small-molecule inhibition or the appearance of suppressor mutations is often directly correlated with the presence of abundant outer membrane lipoprotein Lpp. Our results show that Lgt, the first enzyme of the lipoprotein modification pathway, is still required for growth and viability in the absence of Lpp and thus is necessary for the function of other essential lipoproteins in the cell envelope. This adds credence to the hypothesis that Lgt is essential in proteobacteria and an attractive target for the development of novel antibiotics.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35938851