This paper develops a generative statistical model for representing, modeling, and comparing the morphological evolution of biological cells undergoing motility. It uses the elastic shape analysis to separate cell kinematics (overall location, rotation, speed, etc.) from its morphology and represents morphological changes using transported square-root vector fields (TSRVFs). This TSRVF representation, followed by a PCA-based dimension reduction, provides a convenient mathematical representation of a shape sequence in the form of a Euclidean time series. Fitting a vector auto-regressive (VAR) model to this TSRVF-PCA time series leads to statistical modeling of the overall shape dynamics. We use the parameters of the fitted VAR model to characterize morphological evolution. We validate VAR models through model comparisons, synthesis, and sequence classifications. For classification, we use the VAR parameters in conjunction with different classifiers: SVM, Random Forest, and CNN, and obtain high classification rates. Extensive experiments presented here demonstrate the success of the proposed pipeline. These results are the first of the kind in classifying cell migration videos using shape dynamics.
Publication : arXiv.org