Lien vers Pubmed [PMID] – 30826131
Trends Genet. 2019 Apr;35(4):292-307
Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyces pombe have served as uncontested unicellular model organisms, as major discoveries made in the field of genome biology using yeast genetics have proved to be relevant from yeast to humans. The yeast Candida albicans has attracted much attention because of its ability to switch between a harmless commensal and a dreaded human pathogen. C. albicans bears unique features regarding its life cycle, genome structure, and dynamics, and their links to cell biology and adaptation to environmental challenges. Examples include a unique reproduction cycle with haploid, diploid, and tetraploid forms; a distinctive organisation of chromosome hallmarks; a highly dynamic genome, with extensive karyotypic variations, including aneuploidies, isochromosome formation, and loss-of-heterozygosity; and distinctive links between the response to DNA alterations and cell morphology. These features have made C. albicans emerge as a new and attractive unicellular model to study genome biology and dynamics in eukaryotes.