Lien vers Pubmed [PMID] – 15993518
Vaccine 2005 Aug;23(36):4463-72
Live attenuated measles vaccine (MV) could provide a safe and efficient pediatric vaccination vector to immunize children simultaneously against measles and human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). To evaluate the capacity of a vector derived from the certified Schwarz measles vaccine (MVSchw) to prime effective cytotoxic T cells (CTL) and broad neutralizing antibodies against HIV-1 conserved epitopes, we generated recombinant MVSchw viruses expressing HIV-1 antigens. We demonstrate that a recombinant MVSchw virus expressing an HIV-1-derived CTL polyepitope primes effective HLA-A0201-restricted CTLs against multiple conserved HIV-1 epitopes in mice susceptible to measles and humanized for the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class-I molecule HLA-A0201. Additionally, we show that a recombinant MVSchw virus expressing an HIV-1(89.6) gp140 glycoprotein whose hyper variable V1, V2 and V3 loops were deleted (DeltaV1V2V3gp140), induces broadly neutralizing antibodies against HIV-1 primary isolates. These results show that the MVSchw pediatric vaccination vector induces efficient cellular and humoral HIV-specific immune responses.