Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 10908277
Mol. Hum. Reprod. 2000 Aug;6(8):688-93
Molecular deletions of the Y chromosome long arm are a frequent cause of male infertility. Because these deletions are thought to be inherited from fathers without Y chromosome deletions, the question arises as to whether their relatively high incidence in the male population could be due to the existence of a mosaicism in somatic and/or germinal paternal cells. This study included a total of 181 infertile men, among whom 18 were found to have an abnormal karyotype. In the other 163, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis detected nine (5.5%) Y chromosome microdeletions. Blood, spermatozoa or testicular cells from 47 men (27 oligozoospermia, 20 azoospermia), including six Y-deleted patients, were screened for mosaicism using double target fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) with Y centromeric and deleted in azoospermia (DAZ) gene-specific probes. Results indicated that: (i) percentages of double (intact Y chromosome) or single (deleted Y chromosome) fluorescent signals by FISH were in agreement with PCR data, thus demonstrating the reliability of the method; and (ii) a weak germ cell mosaicism was found in only two oligozoospermic patients, carrying 1.97 and 4.13% respectively of spermatozoa with a deleted Y chromosome. Further studies on larger populations are needed to evaluate precisely the incidence of Y deletion mosaicisms in infertile men.