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© Andres Alcover
Scanning electron microscopy showing a conjugate formed between a T lymphocyte and an antigen presenting cell. It is worth noting the long shape of the T cell (Tc) polarized towards the antigen presenting cell (APC) and the membrane protrusions that adhere the T lymphocyte to the antigen presenting cell.
Publication : The Journal of biological chemistry

Vav1 and Ly-GDI two regulators of Rho GTPases, function cooperatively as signal transducers in T cell antigen receptor-induced pathways

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in The Journal of biological chemistry - 16 Oct 2002

Groysman M, Hornstein I, Alcover A, Katzav S

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 12386169

J. Biol. Chem. 2002 Dec;277(51):50121-30

The Rho family GTPases are pivotal for T cell signaling; however, the regulation of these proteins is not fully known. One well studied regulator of Rho GTPases is Vav1; a hematopoietic cell-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor critical for signaling in T cells, including stimulation of the nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT). Surprisingly, Vav1 associates with Ly-GDI, a hematopoietic cell-specific guanine nucleotide dissociation inhibitor of Rac. Here, we studied the functional significance of the interaction between Vav1 and Ly-GDI in T cells. Upon organization of the immunological synapse, both Ly-GDI and Vav1 relocalize to T cell extensions in contact with the antigen-presenting cell. Ly-GDI is phosphorylated on tyrosine residues following T cell receptor stimulation, and it associates with the Src homology 2 region of an adapter protein, Shc. In addition, the interaction between Ly-GDI and Vav1 requires tyrosine phosphorylation. Overexpression of Ly-GDI alone is inhibitory to NFAT stimulation and calcium mobilization. However, when co-expressed with Vav1, Ly-GDI enhances Vav1 induction of NFAT activation, phospholipase Cgamma phosphorylation, and calcium mobilization. Moreover, Ly-GDI does not alter the regulation of these phenomena when coexpressed with oncogenic Vav1. Since oncogenic Vav1 does not bind Ly-GDI, this suggests that the functional cooperativity of Ly-GDI and Vav1 is dependent upon their association. Thus, our data suggest that the interaction of Vav1 and Ly-GDI creates a fine tuning mechanism for the regulation of intracellular signaling pathways leading to NFAT stimulation.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12386169