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© Research
Publication : Cell research

Transcriptional diversity of DMRT1 (dsx- and mab3-related transcription factor 1) in human testis

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Cell research - 01 Apr 2006

Cheng HH, Ying M, Tian YH, Guo Y, McElreavey K, Zhou RJ

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 16617334

Cell Res. 2006 Apr;16(4):389-93

Recent advances in the evolutionary genetics of sex determination indicate that the only molecular similarity in sex determination found so far among phyla is between the fly doublesex, worm mab-3 and vertebrate DMRT1(dsx- and mab3-related transcription factor 1) /DMY genes. Each of these factors encodes a zinc-finger-like DNA-binding motif, DM domain. Insights into the evolution and functions of human DMRT1 gene could reveal evolutionary mechanisms of sexual development. Here we report the identification and characterization of multiple isoforms of human DMRT1 in the testis. These transcripts encode predicted proteins with 373, 275 and 175 amino acids and they were generated by alternative splicing at 3′ region. Expression level of DMRT1a is higher than those of both DMRT1b and c, and the DMRT1c expression was the lowest in testis, based on comparisons of mean values from real-time fluorescent quantitative RT-PCR analysis. Both DMRT1b and c result from exonization of intronic sequences, including the exonization of an Alu element. A further search for Alu elements within the DMRT1 gene demonstrated that all 99 Alu elements are non-randomly distributed among the non-coding regions on both directions. These new characteristics of DMRT1 would have an important impact on the evolution of sexual development mechanisms.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16617334