Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 10201941
J. Immunol. 1999 Apr;162(7):4157-62
Bordetella pertussis secretes an invasive adenylate cyclase toxin, CyaA, that is able to deliver its N-terminal catalytic domain into the cytosol of eukaryotic target cells directly through the cytoplasmic membrane. We have shown previously that recombinant CyaA can be used to deliver viral CD8+ T cell epitopes to the MHC-class I presentation pathway to trigger specific CTL responses in vivo. In the present study, we show that mice immunized with a detoxified but still invasive CyaA carrying a CD8+ T cell epitope of OVA developed strong epitope-specific CTL responses, which kill tumor cells expressing this Ag. Treating mice with this recombinant molecule after the graft of melanoma cells expressing OVA induced a strong survival advantage compared with control animals. To our knowledge, this study represents the first demonstration that a nonreplicative and nontoxic vector carrying a single CTL epitope can stimulate efficient protective and therapeutic antitumor immunity.