Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 32409583
Link to DOI – 10.1074/jbc.RA120.013748
J Biol Chem 2020 Jul; 295(27): 9021-9032
Many proteobacteria, such as Escherichia coli, contain two main types of quinones: benzoquinones, represented by ubiquinone (UQ) and naphthoquinones, such as menaquinone (MK), and dimethyl-menaquinone (DMK). MK and DMK function predominantly in anaerobic respiratory chains, whereas UQ is the major electron carrier in the reduction of dioxygen. However, this division of labor is probably not very strict. Indeed, a pathway that produces UQ under anaerobic conditions in an UbiU-, UbiV-, and UbiT-dependent manner has been discovered recently in E. coli Its physiological relevance is not yet understood, because MK and DMK are also present in E. coli Here, we established that UQ9 is the major quinone of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and is required for growth under anaerobic respiration (i.e. denitrification). We demonstrate that the ORFs PA3911, PA3912, and PA3913, which are homologs of the E. coli ubiT, ubiV, and ubiU genes, respectively, are essential for UQ9 biosynthesis and, thus, for denitrification in P. aeruginosa These three genes here are called ubiTPa , ubiVPa , and ubiUPa We show that UbiVPa accommodates an iron-sulfur [4Fe-4S] cluster. Moreover, we report that UbiUPa and UbiTPa can bind UQ and that the isoprenoid tail of UQ is the structural determinant required for recognition by these two Ubi proteins. Since the denitrification metabolism of P. aeruginosa is believed to be important for the pathogenicity of this bacterium in individuals with cystic fibrosis, our results highlight that the O2-independent UQ biosynthetic pathway may represent a target for antibiotics development to manage P. aeruginosa infections.