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© Institut Pasteur
Macrophages et lymphocytes de souris. Image colorisée.
Publication : Immunity

The Heterogeneity of Ly6C(hi) Monocytes Controls Their Differentiation into iNOS(+) Macrophages or Monocyte-Derived Dendritic Cells

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Immunity - 20 Dec 2016

Menezes S, Melandri D, Anselmi G, Perchet T, Loschko J, Dubrot J, Patel R, Gautier EL, Hugues S, Longhi MP, Henry JY, Quezada SA, Lauvau G, Lennon-Duménil AM, Gutiérrez-Martínez E, Bessis A, Gomez-Perdiguero E, Jacome-Galarza CE, Garner H, Geissmann F, Golub R, Nussenzweig MC, Guermonprez P

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 28002729

Immunity 2016 Dec;45(6):1205-1218

Inflammation triggers the differentiation of Ly6C(hi) monocytes into microbicidal macrophages or monocyte-derived dendritic cells (moDCs). Yet, it is unclear whether environmental inflammatory cues control the polarization of monocytes toward each of these fates or whether specialized monocyte progenitor subsets exist before inflammation. Here, we have shown that naive monocytes are phenotypically heterogeneous and contain an NR4A1- and Flt3L-independent, CCR2-dependent, Flt3(+)CD11c(-)MHCII(+)PU.1(hi) subset. This subset acted as a precursor for FcγRIII(+)PD-L2(+)CD209a(+), GM-CSF-dependent moDCs but was distal from the DC lineage, as shown by fate-mapping experiments using Zbtb46. By contrast, Flt3(-)CD11c(-)MHCII(-)PU.1(lo) monocytes differentiated into FcγRIII(+)PD-L2(-)CD209a(-)iNOS(+) macrophages upon microbial stimulation. Importantly, Sfpi1 haploinsufficiency genetically distinguished the precursor activities of monocytes toward moDCs or microbicidal macrophages. Indeed, Sfpi1(+/-) mice had reduced Flt3(+)CD11c(-)MHCII(+) monocytes and GM-CSF-dependent FcγRIII(+)PD-L2(+)CD209a(+) moDCs but generated iNOS(+) macrophages more efficiently. Therefore, intercellular disparities of PU.1 expression within naive monocytes segregate progenitor activity for inflammatory iNOS(+) macrophages or moDCs.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28002729