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© Research
Publication : Epigenetics

Synergistic chromatin repression of the tumor suppressor gene RARB in human prostate cancers

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Epigenetics - 03 Feb 2014

Moison C, Assemat F, Daunay A, Tost J, Guieysse-Peugeot AL, Arimondo PB

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 24492483

Epigenetics 2014 Apr;9(4):477-82

DNA methylation and polycomb proteins are well-known mediators of epigenetic silencing in mammalian cells. Usually described as mutually exclusive, this statement is today controversial and recent in vitro studies suggest the co-existence of both repressor systems. We addressed this issue in the study of Retinoic Acid Receptor β (RARβ), a tumor suppressor gene frequently silenced in prostate cancer. We found that the RARβ promoter is hypermethylated in all studied prostate tumors and methylation levels are positively correlated with H3K27me3 enrichments. Thus, by using bisulfite conversion and pyrosequencing of immunoprecipitated H3K27me3 chromatin, we demonstrated that DNA methylation and polycomb repression co-exist in vivo at this locus. We found this repressive association in 6/6 patient tumor samples of different Gleason score, suggesting a strong interplay of DNA methylation and EZH2 to silence RARβ during prostate tumorigenesis.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24492483