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© A-M. Pais-Correia, M-I. Thoulouze, A. Alcover, A. Gessain
Mise en évidence de structures de type "biofilm ", formées par le rétrovirus HTLV-1 générés par des cellules infectées (cellules du haut), qui ont été transmis à un autre lymphocyte (cellule du bas). Micrographie en microscopie électronique à balayage. Image colorisée.
Publication : Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology

Study of interlayer spacing collapse during polymer/clay nanocomposite melt intercalation.

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology - 01 Apr 2008

Benali S, Peeterbroeck S, Larrieu J, Laffineur F, Pireaux JJ, Alexandre M, Dubois P,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 18572568

J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2008 Apr; 8(4): 1707-13

The influence of the chemical structure of alkylammonium organo-modifying montmorillonite clays on the ability to form nanocomposites by melt blending, depending on the processing temperature and the organoclay thermal treatment, has been investigated. On one side chlorinated polyethylene/Cloisite 30B (nano)composite has been prepared by melt intercalation at 175 degrees C and its wide angle X-ray diffraction pattern revealed that the peak characteristic of the interlayer spacing of the organoclay was shifted to lower d-spacing, indicating a collapse of the organoclay structure. On the other side, (nano)composites based on ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer/Cloisite 30B have been prepared by melt intercalation at 140 degrees C. At this temperature, exfoliation was observed with the as-received organoclay while the same organo-modified clay, simply dried at 180 degrees C for 2 hours, induced again the formation of a composite with a collapsed structure. The effect of the Cloisite 30B thermal treatment on the morphology and mechanical properties of ethylene-vinyl acetate-based (nano)composites was investigated using wide angle X-ray diffraction and tensile tests. In order to shed some light on the origin of this clay interlayer collapse, organoclay modified with various ammonium cations bearing long alkyl chains with different amounts of unsaturations were studied using wide angle X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy before and after thermal treatment at 180 degrees C for 2 hours. Isothermal thermogravimetric analysis of all organoclays was also investigated. The layers collapse effect is discussed depending upon the level of unsatured hydrocarbon present in the organic surfactant.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18572568