Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 17077110
Mol. Hum. Reprod. 2007 Jan;13(1):55-9
No phenotypic effect is observed in most inversion heterozygotes. However, reproductive risks may occur in the form of infertility, spontaneous abortions or chromosomally unbalanced children as a consequence of meiotic recombination between inverted and non-inverted chromosomes. An odd number of crossovers within the inverted segment results in gametes bearing recombinant chromosomes with a duplication of the region outside of the inversion segment of one arm and a deletion of the terminal segment of the other arm [dup(p)/del(q) and del(p)/dup(q)]. Using fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH), the chromosome segregation of a pericentric inversion of chromosome 1 was studied in spermatozoa of a inv(1)(p22q42) heterozygous carrier. Three-colour FISH was performed on sperm samples using a probe mixture consisting of chromosome 1p telomere-specific probe, chromosome 1q telomere-specific probe and chromosome 18 centromere-specific alpha satellite DNA probe. The frequency of the non-recombinant product was 80.1%. The frequencies of the two types of recombinants carrying a duplication of the short arm and a deletion of the long arm, and vice versa, were respectively 7.6 and 7.2%, and these frequencies were not statistically significant from the expected ratio of 1:1. Sperm-FISH allows the further understanding of segregation patterns and their effect on reproductive failure and allows an accurate genetic counselling.