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© Research
Publication : Molecular plant-microbe interactions : MPMI

Small RNA Deep-Sequencing Analyses Reveal a New Regulator of Virulence in Agrobacterium fabrum C58

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Molecular plant-microbe interactions : MPMI - 01 May 2015

Dequivre M, Diel B, Villard C, Sismeiro O, Durot M, Coppée JY, Nesme X, Vial L, Hommais F

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 26024442

Mol. Plant Microbe Interact. 2015 May;28(5):580-9

Novel ways of regulating Ti plasmid functions were investigated by studying small RNAs (sRNAs) that are known to act as posttranscriptional regulators in plant pathogenic bacteria. sRNA-seq analyses of Agrobacterium fabrum C58 allowed us to identify 1,108 small transcripts expressed in several growth conditions that could be sRNAs. A quarter of them were confirmed by bioinformatics or by biological experiments. Antisense RNAs represent 24% of the candidates and they are over-represented on the pTi (with 62% of pTi sRNAs), suggesting differences in the regulatory mechanisms between the essential and accessory replicons. Moreover, a large number of these pTi antisense RNAs are transcribed opposite to those genes involved in virulence. Others are 5′- and 3′-untranslated region RNAs and trans-encoded RNAs. We have validated, by rapid amplification of cDNA ends polymerase chain reaction, the transcription of 14 trans-encoded RNAs, among which RNA1111 is expressed from the pTiC58. Its deletion decreased the aggressiveness of A. fabrum C58 on tomatoes, tobaccos, and kalanchoe, suggesting that this sRNA activates virulence. The identification of its putative target mRNAs (6b gene, virC2, virD3, and traA) suggests that this sRNA may coordinate two of the major pTi functions, the infection of plants and its dissemination among bacteria.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26024442