Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 35045362
Link to DOI – S2352-3964(21)00604-610.1016/j.ebiom.2021.103810
EBioMedicine 2022 Jan; 75(): 103810
V591 (TMV-083) is a live recombinant measles vector-based vaccine candidate expressing a pre-fusion stabilized SARS-CoV-2 spike protein.We performed a randomized, placebo-controlled Phase I trial with an unblinded dose escalation and a double-blind treatment phase at 2 sites in France and Belgium to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of V591. Ninety healthy SARS-CoV-2 sero-negative adults (18-55 years of age) were randomized into 3 cohorts, each comprising 24 vaccinees and 6 placebo recipients. Participants received two intramuscular injections of a low dose vaccine (1 × 105 median Tissue Culture Infectious Dose [TCID50]), one or two injections of a high dose vaccine (1 × 106 TCID50), or placebo with a 28 day interval. Safety was assessed by solicited and unsolicited adverse events. Immunogenicity was measured by SARS-CoV-2 spike protein-binding antibodies, neutralizing antibodies, spike-specific T cell responses, and anti-measles antibodies. ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04497298.Between Aug 10 and Oct 13, 2020, 148 volunteers were screened of whom 90 were randomized. V591 showed a good safety profile at both dose levels. No serious adverse events were reported. At least one treatment-related adverse event was reported by 15 (20.8%) participants receiving V591 vs. 6 (33.3%) of participants receiving placebo. Eighty-one percent of participants receiving two injections of V591 developed spike-binding antibodies after the second injection. However, neutralizing antibodies were detectable on day 56 only in 17% of participants receiving the low dose and 61% receiving the high dose (2 injections). Spike-specific T cell responses were not detected. Pre-existing anti-measles immunity had a statistically significant impact on the immune response to V591, which was in contrast to previous results with the measles vector-based chikungunya vaccine.While V591 was generally well tolerated, the immunogenicity was not sufficient to support further development.Themis Bioscience GmbH, a subsidiary of Merck & Co. Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA; Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI).