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© Michel-Robert Popoff
Clostridium difficile en microscopie à contraste de phase. On distingue des bactéries sporulées, non sporulées et d'autres en cours de lyse (destruction). Bactérie de l'environnement (sol, eau, foin, sable), elle est à l'origine d'infections nosocomiales survenant après un traitement antibiotique : Clostridium difficile prédomine alors que les autres bactéries de la flore intestinale ont été détruites. L'infection peut provoquer deux types de pathologies graves : les colites pseudo-membraneuses dont l'origine est quasiment due à 100 % à C. difficile et la diarrhée post-antibiothérapie due à C. difficile dans 30 % des cas de ces diarrhées.
Publication : Microbiology (Reading, England)

Regulation of bacterial motility in response to low pH in Escherichia coli: the role of H-NS protein

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Microbiology (Reading, England) - 01 May 2002

Soutourina OA, Krin E, Laurent-Winter C, Hommais F, Danchin A, Bertin PN

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 11988529

Microbiology (Reading, Engl.) 2002 May;148(Pt 5):1543-51

The effect of detrimental conditions on bacterial motility in Escherichia coli was investigated. Expression profiling of mutant E. coli strains by DNA arrays and analysis of phenotypic traits demonstrated that motility and low-pH resistance are coordinately regulated. Analysis of transcriptional fusions suggests that bacterial motility in response to an acidic environment is mediated via the control by H-NS of flhDC expression. Moreover, the results suggested that the presence of an extended mRNA 5′ end and DNA topology are required in this process. Finally, the presence of a similar regulatory region in several Gram-negative bacteria implies that this mechanism is largely conserved.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11988529