Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 2654292
J. Immunol. 1989 May;142(10):3620-6
The human mAb 33G2 has high capacity to inhibit in vitro invasion of erythrocytes by Plasmodium falciparum merozoites and, thus, is of special interest with regard to protective immunity against the parasite. In order to obtain more information about asexual blood stage Ag of P. falciparum that are seen by this antibody, material from synchronized P. falciparum cultures was studied by immunofluorescence, immunoelectron microscopy, and immunoblotting. Reactivity was mainly confined to the membrane of infected erythrocytes. Soon after merozoite invasion the antibody stained the erythrocyte membrane. This membrane-associated staining faded during intracellular development of the parasites. Beginning about 18 h after invasion, a dotted pattern appeared which increased in strength with time and persisted to schizont rupture. Pf155/RESA was the major Ag recognized in immunoblots of parasites collected throughout the entire erythrocytic cycle, although other polypeptides also bound the antibody. Among these was a 260-kDa polypeptide found in late trophozoites and schizonts. The specificity of the antibody was analyzed with synthetic peptides corresponding to repeated sequences in the P. falciparum Ag Pf155/RESA, Pf11.1, and Ag332. Synthetic peptides related to Ag332 were the most efficient inhibitors of antibody binding in immunofluorescence studies and cell ELISA. A beta-galactosidase-Ag332 fusion protein was also efficient in reversing reinvasion inhibition caused by 33G2. These results define a family of cross-reactive P. falciparum Ag recognized by mAb 33G2 and suggest that Ag332 was its original target.