Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 15767262
J. Biol. Chem. 2005 May;280(20):19746-56
The retinoblastoma tumor suppressor protein (Rb) is best known as a repressor of genes involved in cell cycle progression. Rb has also been implicated in activation of transcription, in particular by nuclear receptors (NRs) and by differentiation-related transcription factors, but the relevance of this activity is unclear. We show that Rb and the related proteins p107 and p130 enhance the activity of NRs related to NGFI-B (Nur factors) through direct interactions with NGFI-B and SRC-2. Although recruitment of SRC/p160 coactivators to the NGFI-B AF1 domain is independent of Rb, its presence enhances SRC-dependent transcription. Rb potentiation of SRC coactivators is exerted on a subset (Nur factors, hepatocyte nuclear factor-4 (HNF-4), SF-1, and ER) but not all NRs. The levels of Rb-related proteins modulate hormone responsiveness of the NGFI-B-dependent pituitary proopiomelanocortin gene and HNF-4-dependent transcription during enterocyte differentiation. Increased Rb expression upon cell differentiation may promote differentiated functions, at least in part, by potentiation of NR activity.