Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 2440179
Virology 1987 Jul;159(1):126-36
The double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase from human cells is a 68,000 molecular weight protein (p68 kinase), the level of which is enhanced significantly in cells treated with interferon. With a monoclonal antibody specific for p68 kinase, here we show the phosphorylation and steady-state levels of p68 kinase during virus infection. The p68 kinase is phosphorylated in interferon-treated cells during infection with encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV), vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), and vaccinia virus, thus indicating activation of p68 kinase during these virus infections, an essential step required for autophosphorylation of p68 kinase. However, in spite of this activation, the level of p68 kinase is rapidly decreased in virus-infected cells. The half-life of p68 kinase in uninfected cells is 6 to 7 hr, whereas in EMCV-infected cells it is 2 to 3 hr. This decrease in the level of p68 kinase is dependent on the multiplicity of virus infection and it seems to be specific since other cellular proteins as well as the activity of 2′-5′-oligoadenylate synthetase are not modified. Decreased levels of p68 kinase are also observed in cells infected with VSV and vaccinia virus. In the absence of virus infection, decreased levels of p68 kinase occur in cells following incubation with poly(I).poly(C).