Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 11180098
Eur. J. Immunol. 2001 Feb;31(2):350-9
B1a lymphocytes accumulate and proliferate in the peritoneal cavity. Stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) is a chemotactic and growth promoting factor for B cell precursors. It is required for fetal liver B cell lymphopoiesis, which generates mostly B1a lymphocytes. Using immunohistochemistry with an anti-SDF-1 monoclonal antibody, we found that SDF-1 was produced by peritoneal mesothelial cells in adult mice. Peritoneal B1a lymphocytes expressed a functional SDF-1 receptor, as shown by actin polymerization experiments. In vitro, SDF-1 stimulated migration, proliferation of a minority of peritoneal B1a lymphocytes, and prevented apoptosis in a large fraction of cells. B1a cells migrating in response to SDF-1 were largely enriched in the CD5(high)CD43(high)B220(-)CD1d(-) subpopulation. In vivo, neutralization of SDF-1 for 3 weeks significantly decreased the number of peritoneal B1 cells. SDF-1 also acted on peritoneal B2 cells. These findings show that after the cessation of B cell lymphopoiesis in the liver, around birth, the persistence of B1a cells remains SDF-1 dependent, and that SDF-1 production by mesothelial cells plays a role in the peritoneal location of B1a cells. Thus, the role of mesothelial cells for B1a cells in adults may be similar to that of SDF-1-producing biliary ductal plate cells in the fetus, and to that of bone marrow stromal cells for B2 cell precursors.