Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 1294455
Hybridoma 1992 Dec;11(6):765-77
A mouse monoclonal antibody (MAb E1) was raised against the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of the Re mutant R595 of Salmonella minnesota. This IgG3 antibody (MAb E1), unstable at low pH and low ionic strength, was purified by chromatography on QAE Sepharose A50. The binding specificity of MAb E1 was characterized by direct and inhibition enzyme immunoassays, using natural LPSs from different strains and chemotypes, and synthetic analogs of LPS substructure of the 3-deoxy-D-manno-2-octulosonic acid (Kdo) and Lipid A regions. Among various LPSs, MAb E1 reacted exclusively with those of Re-chemotype. It recognized alpha-Kdo- monosaccharide and disaccharide structures present as non-reducing side chains in various Re-type LPSs and synthetic antigens. The antibody did not react with Lipid A or various lipids, and the presence of the lipid region was not necessary for the reaction. The recognition of the epitope was not reduced by the presence of a substituent at O-8 of one of the two Kdo units present in the Re LPS from Proteus mirabilis, but the reaction was inhibited by phosphorylation of O-4 of Kdo, by the proximity of core (heptose) or Lipid A (acylated glucosamine) residues, or by certain LPS-LPS interactions.